Pervasive Chinese Surveillance Tech
Chinese firms Hikvision and Dahua have enjoyed stratospheric growth to become the world’s biggest video surveillance companies despite repeated allegations of enabling systematic human rights abuses in China.
Hikvision and Dahua are two Chinese companies among many that have been found to create technology that can be used to racially profile Uyghurs.
Both companies have also been accused of posing significant privacy and security risks to citizens around the world due to their links with the Chinese Communist Party.
Despite facing a variety of trade restrictions in the U.S., this investigation shows that efforts to decouple the American and Chinese tech sectors have had limited success. In fact, more than one in ten camera networks identified in this report are in the U.S.
This investigation is the first to comprehensively map Hikvision and Dahua camera networks active outside China.
In doing so, we identified the countries and cities most surveilled by these controversial firms’ technology.
Note that this report identifies networks of cameras, each on a single Internet Protocol (IP) address, rather than individual cameras. As networks tend to comprise multiple devices, the total number of individual Hikvision and Dahua surveillance cameras covered by this report will likely be many times higher than six million.
See our Background Information section for additional details of the companies’ past controversies.
Our goal in publishing this research is to raise public awareness about just how pervasive this surveillance tech has become. These cameras not only intrude on our privacy but generate huge profits for two companies implicated in an ongoing genocide.