If you don’t have a VPN-compatible router you can set up a virtual router or mobile hotspot using a desktop computer.
A virtual router sounds fancy, but essentially it’s just a device on your network that can share your internet (and VPN) connection with other devices.
Virtual routers can be made using Windows devices only, but you can set up a mobile hotspot with a Mac computer, which will do the same job.
Unfortunately you can’t share a VPN connection from your phone.
Once you’ve got the VPN up and running on the laptop, any device connected to the virtual router or mobile hotspot will benefit from the same protection and coverage.
Just be sure to connect your Apple TV to that newly-created hotspot, rather than your home WiFi, and it’s all set.
We’ll show you how to create a virtual router first.
Before you start, you’ll need to check that your Windows computer can support creating a virtual router, as not all can.
To do this type cmd in the Windows search bar to bring up Command Prompt. Right-click and select Run as administrator.
In the command prompt, type:
netsh wlan show drivers
If your Windows computer supports the creation of virtual routers you will see “Hosted network supported: Yes.”
If it says “no” you can try updating your adaptor driver or try using a different wireless card.
If this doesn’t work you won’t be able to use that device to create a virtual router or a mobile hotspot.
For supported Windows 10 devices, skip to the Windows 10 Mobile Hotspot Setup instructions below.
Here are step-by-step instructions for creating a virtual router with a supported Windows laptop or PC:
- Ensure that your Windows computer is connected to your network by WiFi or ethernet cable.
- Install your chosen VPN onto the computer, but don’t connect to a VPN server just yet. You can check out the following guide for VPN setup instructions: How to Install a VPN on Windows.
- In the Windows search bar type cmd to bring up Command Prompt and type in the following:
netsh wlan set hostednetwork mode=allow ssid=NETWORKNAME key=PASSWORD
Name your virtual router by setting the following values:
ssid=[choose a name for your network]
key=[choose a password for your network]
netsh wlan start hostednetwork
Hit Enter and you’ll see a message saying: “The hosted network started.”
- Now you need to share your virtual router. Press the Windows key + R and type ncpa.cpl. Hit Enter and then click OK.
- Find your new WiFi connection in the Network Connections window and take a note of the name of the connection, which will appear in bold above the SSID name you chose for your network.
- Look for a network connection labeled “[VPN service provider name] Tap Adapter” and right-click on it. Select Properties.
- Click on the tab labeled Sharing and check the box that says Allow other network users to connect through this computer’s Internet connection.
- Use the drop-down box entitled Home networking connection select your new virtual router (the name you took note of in step #6). Click OK.
- Now open up the VPN Windows app and change the VPN protocol to OpenVPN (if there is an option to). Select the VPN server of your choice and click the connect button.
- Finally connect your Apple TV to the new virtual router and all internet traffic from it will be encrypted.
If you would like to disable the virtual router type the following into the command prompt of your virtual router device:
netsh wlan stop hostednetwork
Windows 10 Mobile Hotspot Setup
If you have a Windows 10 device that supports hosted networks you can create a mobile hotspot instead of a virtual router in order to share your VPN connection.
It’s much easier than creating a virtual router.
- Install your chosen VPN service onto your Windows 10 computer, but don’t connect to a VPN server yet.
- Go to Settings > Network & Internet > Mobile hotspot and toggle Mobile hotspot to On.
- Go to Settings > Network & Internet > Change adapter options. Right-click on [VPN server provider name] Tap Adapter and select Properties.
- Under the tab labeled Sharing check the box that says Allow other network users to connect through this computer’s Internet connection.
- Now select the hotspot you created from the drop-down menu entitled Home networking connection and click OK.
- Open up the VPN app on your Windows 10 computer and select OpenVPN as the VPN protocol (if there is an option to). Connect to the VPN server location of your choice.
- Finally connect your Apple TV to your new mobile hotspot and enjoy encrypted streaming.
To disconnect from the mobile hotspot, go to Settings > Network & Internet > Mobile hotspot and toggle Mobile hotspot to Off.
If you’d like to use a MacOS device to share a VPN connection with your Apple TV instead, read on.
MacOS Mobile Hotspot Installation
You can turn your MacBook or iMac into a mobile hotspot in order to share the VPN connection with your Apple TV, but it’s a little more restrictive than the Windows setup.
You can only connect via the PPTP VPN protocol or L2TP. If your VPN doesn’t support these protocols you can’t use this method.
PPTP is also a very insecure VPN protocol, and can be hacked in minutes. We wouldn’t recommend using L2TP either as it has some security flaws, too.
Only use this method if you are unable to protect your Apple TV using any of the other installation methods recommended in this guide.
We’ll show you how to set up VPN connection sharing using L2TP as this is more secure than PPTP:
- Ensure that your MacBook or iMac is connected via ethernet cable (not WiFi).
- Set up an L2TP VPN manually by clicking on the Apple logo in the top-left corner of your screen and select System Preferences.
- Click on the Network icon and then on the + symbol to add a new VPN service.
- Select VPN from the Interface drop-down menu, L2TP over IPSec from the VPN Type menu, and then type in your chosen name for the VPN connection next to Service Name. Click Create.
- Log into your VPN account on the VPN website and find your username, password, and server address for L2TP manual configuration.
- Go back to the Network menu and select Default from the Configuration drop-down menu. Copy and paste the server address into the next field, and your L2TP username into the Account Name field.
- Check the box that says Show VPN status in menu bar. This means that you’ll easily be able to see whether the VPN is connected or not by looking at the menu bar.
- Now click on Authentication Settings and enter your L2TP password in the password field. Enter the L2TP shared secret into the Shared Secret field, and click OK.
- Click Advanced, check the box labeled Send all traffic over VPN connection, and click OK.
- Click Apply.
- Now you should click Connect to connect to the VPN server. The Status will show as Connected.
- Go back to the System Preferences menu and click Sharing.
- Select Internet Sharing and share your connection from the L2TP VPN connection you just created to computers using WiFi.
- Click WiFi Options and enter a Network Name of your choosing. Leave Channel as the default, put Security to WPA2 Personal, and choose a password for your network. Click OK.
- Go back to the Sharing menu and check Internet Sharing box. When the prompt pops up click Start.
- Connect your Apple TV to the new network to encrypt your internet traffic.
You can disable the mobile hotspot by going to System Preferences > Sharing and uncheck the box labeled Internet Sharing.
Then go to System Preferences > Network and click on your L2TP VPN profile. Click Disconnect.
As you’ve seen, using a virtual router or mobile hotspot to protect your Apple TV is a long and intricate process.
It’s definitely not for beginners.